What is the Treatment for Diabetes?
Managing diabetes effectively requires a tailored approach, taking into consideration the type and severity of the condition. It’s essential to work closely with your healthcare team, like the specialists at ISMC, to develop a treatment plan that suits your individual needs and helps you maintain optimal blood sugar control.
Type 1 Diabetes Treatment
Insulin Therapy and Healthy Habits
For individuals with type 1 diabetes, the cornerstone of treatment is insulin therapy, as their bodies no longer produce the vital hormone. This involves administering insulin through daily injections or using an insulin pump, which delivers a continuous supply of insulin throughout the day. Your healthcare team will help you determine the most appropriate insulin regimen and teach you how to adjust your doses based on your blood sugar levels, physical activity, and dietary intake.
In addition to insulin therapy, it’s crucial for those with type 1 diabetes to regularly monitor their blood sugar levels and adopt a healthy lifestyle. This includes following a well-balanced diet, engaging in regular physical activity, and maintaining a healthy weight, all of which can help improve insulin sensitivity and overall blood sugar control.
Type 2 Diabetes Treatment
Lifestyle Changes and Medication Management
For individuals with type 2 diabetes, initial management focuses on lifestyle changes, such as adopting a healthy diet and exercise routine. This can help lower blood sugar levels, improve insulin sensitivity, and reduce the risk of complications. Your healthcare team at ISMC can provide personalised guidance on creating a diet and exercise plan that works best for you.
As type 2 diabetes progresses, your healthcare provider may prescribe oral medications or non-insulin injectable medications to help regulate blood sugar levels. These medications work in various ways, such as stimulating the pancreas to produce more insulin, decreasing glucose production in the liver, or increasing insulin sensitivity in the body’s cells.
In some cases, individuals with type 2 diabetes may eventually require insulin therapy as their pancreas loses its ability to produce sufficient insulin. Your healthcare team will closely monitor your blood sugar levels and adjust your treatment plan as needed to ensure optimal diabetes management.